Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (49): Panama (LS, CC)

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 38 min ago
Hantavirus -- Panama
Health authorities in Los Santos province have confirmed 6 new cases of hantavirus [infection] in one week, bringing a total of 61 cases in the region so far in 2018.
The authorities assure the public that these are expected case numbers given the increase in the [transmission] cycle of the disease.
[Byline: Thays Domínguez]
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

[The number of cases of hantavirus infection continues to increase in Los Santos province.

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (34): Switzerland ex French Guiana

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 39 min ago
Yellow Fever -- Switzerland
A 47-year-old man of Swiss nationality contracted yellow fever in French Guiana. He was diagnosed last weekend by the Institut Pasteur. The fact that he had been present in French Guiana for 4 months without having apparently left it makes it very likely that he contracted the virus in the department, and more precisely in the area of the County Bridge.
In a message addressed to certain health professionals, the Regional Health Agency (ARS) details the situation: "A new case of yellow fever

PRO/AH/EDR> Red tide - USA (03): (FL)

ProMED Mail Reports - 2 hours 49 min ago
Algae -- United States
In southwest Florida, toxic algae blooms have painted its normally bright blue coastal waters a rusty red. This so-called red tide has killed hordes of marine animals and is entering its 10th month of existence, making it one of the longest-lasting cases documented to date.
Red tides occur across the globe and are caused by a variety of algal species. The microorganism behind Florida's outbreak is _Karenia brevis_, a marine dinoflagellate that releases brevetoxins, neurotoxic compounds

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Asia (02): China (LN) genotyping, epidemiology

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 39 min ago
African Swine Fever -- China
[References deleted]
From mid-June 2018, all of the pigs fed table scraps in a farm near Shenyang city in Liaoning province suffered from acute clinical and pathological signs, including high fever, dullness, generalized reddening of the skin, obvious enlargement of the spleen, and congestion and generalized hemorrhage of the lymph nodes, heart, spleen, and kidney. All of the 400 pigs died within one month after the 1st clinical signs appeared and the farm was abandoned. Sporadic cases with

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - Israel (02): (HZ) recreation, streams, background

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 53 min ago
Leptospirosis -- Israel
The following background information on leptospirosis in Israel is abstracted from Gideon and the Gideon e-book series (1,2). Primary references are available from the author.
Leptospirosis is most common in agricultural settlements of the Galilee, during the months of June to September. Reported disease incidence reached a peak of 81 cases in 1962, but has since decreased considerably; 48 cases were reported during 2002 to 2008 - including 20 travel-related cases (15 of these acquired in

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - Kyrgyzstan (03): (OH) human, livestock

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 54 min ago
Anthrax -- Kyrgyzstan
A total of 13 people were hospitalized with suspected Siberian anthrax in Kara-Kuldja district of Osh region, the chief doctor of the regional General Practice Center Chynara Karmyshakova told Turmush... [more]
[This story is by subscription and I have found nothing else on Google. Osh is one of the oldest cities in the world. - Corr.SB]
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

Date: Wed 15 Aug 2018, 6:31 PM
Source: Trend News Agency [edited]


PRO/AH/EDR> Small hive beetle infestation, apis - Swaziland: (HH) 1st rep, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 7 hours 38 sec ago
Pests -- Swaziland
Information received on [and dated] 14 Aug 2018 from Dr. Roland Xolani Dlamini, Director of Veterinary and Livestock Services, Veterinary and Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture , Mbabane, Swaziland
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 13 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent: _Aethina tumida_
Nature of diagnosis: suspicion
This event

PRO/AH/EDR> White nose syndrome, bats - North America (07): (GA) update

ProMED Mail Reports - 9 hours 21 min ago
White nose syndrome -- United States
Deadly and fast-spreading, the disease named for the snow-white fungus sometimes found on the muzzles and skin of affected bats has killed millions of bats in North America. That toll, estimated at 5.7 million to 6.7 million bats in 2011, is rising.
White-nose, often called White nose syndrome (WNS), was documented in Georgia in 2013. The state Department of Natural Resources [DNR] has been working since to track and slow the advance of the disease and gauge its impact.
When Georgia bat

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (41): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - 9 hours 44 min ago
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) yesterday [Thu 9 Aug 2018] confirmed 9 new cases of Lassa fever epidemic with 2 deaths, in one week, including the 1st confirmed case in Enugu State since beginning of outbreak.
The NCDC, however, blamed the persistent outbreak of Lassa fever in the country on poor environmental sanitation conditions observed in high burden communities.
Latest figures from the NCDC published yesterday [Thu 9 Aug 2018] stated: "In the reporting Week 31 (w/e 5

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - China (07): (NM) human, bovine susp

ProMED Mail Reports - 10 hours 34 min ago
Anthrax -- China
Local authorities said [Tue 14 Aug 2018] that 20 people have been confirmed to be infected with cutaneous anthrax in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Cases of cattle deaths from unknown causes in Shengli Village, Horqin district in the city of Tongliao, have been reported as of last week [week of 6 Aug 2018]. Cutaneous anthrax is usually contracted when a person with a cut or sore on their skin comes into direct, unprotected contact with anthrax spores on a sick or dead

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - Spain: (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - 10 hours 37 min ago
Pests -- Spain
"This finding shows once more the utility of the "Mosquito Alert" platform as a surveillance tool for early detection of invasive mosquitoes," highlighted the Director of the platform, Frederic Bartumeus.
"We remember from before the tiger mosquito [_A. albopictus_] that had been found and now it is _A. japonicus_, and we continue looking for the yellow fever mosquito [_A aegypti_]," added the director.
One hopes that during the next months the experts will carry out more studies in the

PRO/AH/EDR> Leptospirosis - Israel: (HZ) recreation, streams, alert

ProMED Mail Reports - 10 hours 39 min ago
Leptospirosis -- Israel
The Israel Nature and Parks Authority has banned bathing in 2 rivers in the north of the country [Hazafon/Northern district] after over a dozen swimmers fell ill with symptoms feared to be leptospirosis, a bacterial disease that can be fatal.
The Zavitan and Zaki streams have both been placed off limits by the authority until further notice.
Some 25 people, including 12 Israeli soldiers, have been hospitalized after displaying symptoms of the disease, according to Army

PRO/EDR> HIV - Viet Nam: (PT) contaminated medical equipment susp

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 45 min ago
HIV/AIDS -- Vietnam
Health authorities in the northern province of Phu Tho, a 2-hour drive northeast of Hanoi, are investigating an HIV outbreak which they suspect is connected to unlicensed examinations offered by a private clinic.
Health officials last month [July 2018] took blood samples from 500 residents in the remote commune to carry out a quick HIV test after 2 people died of HIV/AIDS disease and 4 new HIV cases were spotted in the commune between February and June [2018]. The blood test results found

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (15): Europe (Romania)

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 48 min ago
West Nile Virus -- Romania
In a follow-up on the West Nile virus (WNV) situation in Romania, the National Center for Communicable Disease Surveillance and Control reported (computer translated) since the start of surveillance on [2 May 2018], 23 meningitis/meningo-encephalitis have been reported due to West Nile virus infection and a death in the case of a 79-year-old patient who had comorbidities.
Officials say the cases in Romania are sporadic and there is currently no risk of an epidemic.
In addition to Romania

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (91): Taiwan (PT, YL) poultry, HPAI H5, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 13 hours 12 min ago
Avian Influenza -- China
Information received on [and dated] 13 Aug 2018 from Dr Tai-Hwa Shih, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Ministry of Agriculture, Taipei, Chinese Taipei
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 12 Jan 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Jan 2018
Report date: 13 Aug 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 13 Aug 2018
Reason for notification:

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (68): Congo DR (NK) WHO, Uganda cases, concerns, challenges

ProMED Mail Reports - 14 hours 33 min ago
Ebola -- DR Congo
In a vaccination update, Tedros said 216 health workers have received the VSV-EBOV vaccine and that 20 people from the community have also been immunized.
Health officials are hoping to speed up deployment of the vaccine, he said, adding that experienced immunization teams from Guinea arrived in Kinshasa yesterday and are expected to be on the ground in Beni and Mangina today [14 Aug 2018].
So far, responders are sticking with the ring vaccination strategy, which targets contacts of

PRO/EDR> Undiagnosed fever - Uganda (08): (KA) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:47
Fever -- Uganda
Another strange disease has been reported in the Western district of Kibaale, with symptoms similar to those of the 1st strange cases that were detected in Mubende district in the central region, about 70 km [45 miles] away (see Undiagnosed fever - Uganda (07): (MD) RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20180805.5948143).
Emmanuel Ainebyoona, the Ministry of Health's senior public relations officer, has confirmed that a 5-year-old girl presented with symptoms of vomiting and headache before her

PRO/AH/EDR> Panleukopenia virus, feline - Japan: (TK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:43
Other Animal Disease -- Japan
Ever since opening its 1st branch in Tokyo's Ikebukuro district in February 2015, Cat Cafe Mocha has become a hugely successful business for Japan's KI Corporation, expanding quickly throughout Japan with outlets in some of the city's most popular areas and also further abroad in locations like Osaka and Nagoya, all in its 1st 2 years.
According to a statement released by KI Corporation on 2 Aug 2018, 2 cats at their Tachikawa branch were taken to a veterinary specialist late at night on 26

PRO/AH/EDR> Die-off, seal - USA: (ME) undiagnosed

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:41
Undiagnosed -- United States
Marine mammal experts are at a loss to explain why a large number of harbor seals have turned up dead on beaches in southern Maine this summer [2018].
The most recent cluster of deaths was reported [Mon 13 Aug 2018] when the carcasses of 11 harbor seals, mostly pups, were discovered on Bayview and Kinney Shores beaches in Saco. Those beaches are situated between Ocean Park and Ferry Beach State Park.
In the past 2 days, more than 30 dead harbor seals have washed ashore on southern Maine

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola update (67): Congo DR (NK) cases, response, issues, research

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 08/14/2018 - 23:29
Ebola -- DR Congo
In a statement yesterday [12 Aug 2018], the WHO said over a 2-day visit in the outbreak zone that was accompanied by the DRC health ministry, the group's leadership saw 1st-hand the complexities responders face in implementing Ebola activities in North Kivu province. They visited the city of Beni and the Mangina health area, the location of most confirmed cases reported so far.
A range of armed groups are active in the area, creating challenging security issues for health teams who need to
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