Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (08): global (Congo DR cVDPV)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 22:28
Polio -- Worldwide/Unknown
Poliovirus Weekly Update
24 May 2017, World Health Organization
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 0
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 5
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 4
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 4
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5

Headlines
- The World Health Assembly (WHA) is meeting this week in Geneva, Switzerland. Ministers of Health and public health professionals from around

PRO/AH/EDR> Hendra virus, equine - Australia (04): (QL)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 21:51
Nipah/Hendra Virus -- Australia
Queensland has confirmed it is managing a new hendra virus case in a horse in Queensland.
A press release issued this afternoon [Fri 26 May 2017] said the positive test result from the horse in the Gold Coast Hinterland area had been received last night [Thu 25 May 2017].
Queensland Chief Biosecurity Officer Dr Jim Thompson said one horse had been euthanized on the property after rapid deterioration. "Tracing and risk assessments are being undertaken on any animals that may have had

PRO/EDR> Norovirus - USA (05): (CA)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 21:34
Norovirus -- United States
California state health officials said they are working with local public health departments across the state to help control norovirus outbreaks that have increased in the past few weeks, and are occurring in schools and other institutional settings.
"Norovirus outbreaks usually have an annual peak like we are seeing now. They can be particularly large and disruptive in schools, affecting both students and teachers," said CDPH [California Department of Public Health] Director and State

PRO/EDR> Jaundice - India: (HP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 18:27
Hepatitis -- India
Hospitals in the capital town saw an unusual rush over the past week with several hundred people testing positive for jaundice after allegedly consuming polluted water.
People from numerous suburbs have now complained about the alleged supply of contaminated and non-chlorinated water by the municipal and IPH authorities here. "The authorities are not adding the required bleaching powder to the water sources and muddy water is coming from the taps," complained a resident who had fallen sick,

PRO/EDR> Influenza (12): India (HP), H1N1pdm09, ass. fatal cases

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 16:54
Influenza -- India
The number of patients who are reporting positive for Swine flu is increasing every day in the State. After the death of a Maharashtra tourist - [AP] -- last week [week of Sun 14 May 2017] some tourists in Manali also tested positive for influenza. Many patients have been admitted in the Tanda Medical College hospital in Kangra and the IGMC hospital in Shimla. An elderly person died in Dehra because of swine flu a few days ago.
As many as 35 patients have died in the last couple of years

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (38): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 16:45
Cholera -- Yemen
About 10 000 cholera cases and nearly 100 deaths have been reported in war-torn Yemen since our last report earlier this week []. According to a press release Thu 25 May 2017 the WHO reported that an aircraft carrying 67 tons of intravenous fluids and cholera kits has successfully landed at Sana'a airport, noting this is the largest planeload of medical goods WHO has brought into the country since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015.
"Flying a jumbo jet into a war zone is not

PRO/AH/EDR> Seal finger - Canada (02): (BC) comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 12:57
Other Animal Disease -- Canada
A recent case of "seal finger" in Canada complements an increasing number of zoonotic bacterial diseases associated with animal bites. The following list is extracted from Gideon (primary references available on request):
_Bacteroides pyogenes_: case of bacteremia following a cat bite.
_Bacteroides tectus_: cat bites
_Bergeyella zoohelcum_: dog-bite infection
Bisgaard's taxon 16 [_Pasteurella_-like organisms: Mod. LL]- animal bite wounds
_Canibacter oris_: dog-bite

PRO/PL> Wheat viruses - USA: (KS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 12:56
Other Plant Disease -- United States
Kansas Wheat has identified another significant threat to the 2017 crop -- wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV). Alerting growers, [they] said the disease is "crippling western Kansas wheat crop." Kansas State University said 6 counties are indicating widespread incidence of WSMV and related viruses -- High Plains mosaic and triticum mosaic.
"Many fields in this area are severely diseased and could experience more than 70 per cent yield loss, if not a complete loss," the Wheat Commission said.

PRO/AH/EDR> Leishmaniasis, cutaneous - Nepal

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 10:54
Leishmaniasis -- Nepal
[DL], 32, had gone to Dolpa [Province Six] in 2016. After staying there for about 3-4 months he was back in Kathmandu on [11 Oct 2016]. Upon his return, he noticed blisters on his nose and cheeks. Dismissing it as pimple, he bought a pimple cream from a local pharmacy in Bhaktapur but the cream didn't work. Rather the size of the blisters increased. In an attempt to treat it, he squeezed making them more reddish, and the shape changed too. So, he visited a hospital in the Capital [Kathmandu]

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HZ) bovine, st A, spread, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 10:52
Foot and Mouth -- Israel
Date of report [submission to the OIE]: 25 May 2017
Date of start of the event: 1 May 2017
Causal Agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 May 2017
Serotype(s): A
Location: Qela, Golan, HaZafon
Start date [current, 2nd outbreak]: 22 May 2017
Clinical signs: yes
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of / Slaughtered
Cattle / 68 / 1 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: vaccinated herd. Free ranging cattle. 50 dams and 18 calves.

Zika virus infection – India

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Fri, 05/26/2017 - 06:50
On 15 May 2017, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare-Government of India (MoHFW) reported three laboratory confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, State, India.

PRO/AH/EDR> Bovine tuberculosis - UK (02): (England) bovine

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 22:37
Bovine TB -- United Kingdom
Robert Davies, of Hopes Ash Farm, in Hope Mansell, near Ross-on-Wye, has
told the Gazette that the farm is in the grip of a devastating bovine
tuberculosis (bTB) outbreak, but he feels it is important to share his
experience with the local community.
Mr Davies told the Ross Gazette that he had kept a diary where he outlined
what was happening at the farm and how the loss of the cattle, which had
been part of their herd for many years, affected the family, emotionally

PRO/AH/EDR> Antibiotic resistance (04): Canada, Fosfomycin, fosA7 gene, Salmonella, chickens

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 17:44
Salmonella -- Canada
"We previously described _Salmonella_ Heidelberg harbouring a chromosomal gene cluster similar to the glutathione S-transferase gene, a putative fosA conferring resistance to fosfomycin. Here we show that this new gene named fosA7 confers resistance to fosfomycin. Introduction of fosA7 into fosfomycin susceptible _Salmonella_ Enteritidis resulted in a substantial increase in the fosfomycin MIC. This finding increases awareness of antibiotic resistance in _Salmonella_ Heidelberg from broiler

PRO/AH/EDR> Seal finger - Canada: (BC)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 17:06
Other Human Disease -- Canada
A recent case of seal finger which was misdiagnosed and hence mistreated at the patient's 1st presentation is described. The patient was eventually referred to a hand specialist and after the correct treatment with tetracycline, responded well without any long-term sequelae. Seal finger is an occupational injury that occurs to those who work directly or indirectly with seals. The disease entity has been described in both Scandinavian and Canadian literature. The causative microorganism was

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (37): Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 16:32
Cholera -- Kenya
However, these official statements are widely contradicted by reports reaching Radio Dabanga from the areas affected by the disease, which repeated tests according to WHO standards show to be cholera. There have been calls to declare a State of Emergency. The Governor of the White Nile, Abdelhameed Kasha, says 53 people have died in the state. In a statement to the Council of States in Khartoum on [Tue 23 May 2017], Kasha said 2755 people and 129 villages have been infected in the 'watery

PRO/AH/EDR> Contagious ecthyma, human - UK: (Wales)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 14:45
Other Human Disease -- United Kingdom
Orf is a viral skin disease that can be spread to humans by handling infected sheep and goats. In humans, the 1st sign of orf is a small, red, itchy or painful lump (lesion) that usually appears on the fingers, hands, forearms or face after an incubation period of 3 to 5 days. In some cases there may be more than one lesion.
The lesion will usually be firm, red or blue in colour and 2-5cm in diameter. As the condition progresses over a 3- to 6-week period, a pustule or blister that weeps

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - Germany: O157, sorbitol-fermenting, packaged minced meat

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 14:40
E. coli -- Germany
We report an ongoing, protracted and geographically dispersed outbreak of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and gastroenteritis in Germany, involving 30 cases since December 2016. The outbreak was caused by the sorbitol-fermenting immotile variant of Shiga toxin-producing (EHEC) _E. coli_ O157. Molecular typing revealed close relatedness between isolates from 14 cases. One HUS patient died. Results of a case-control study suggest packaged minced meat as the most likely food vehicle. Food safety

PRO/EDR> Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Mexico: (BC) fatalities

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 13:20
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever -- Mexico
The Baja California State Health Secretariat has confirmed 3 new deaths from rickettsiosis. They are a girl of 1 year and 4 months, resident of Nuevo León in Mexicali, a young girl of 16, and a man of 59, both originating from Ensenada. Guillermo Trejo Dozal, head of the unit, also reported the case of another 55-year-old man living in Nuevo León, who remains at the General Hospital of Mexicali, where he is stable. With these, there are now 6 deaths due to rickettsiosis and 12 confirmed

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (XJ) st A, bovine, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 05/25/2017 - 13:19
Foot and Mouth -- China
Information received on [and dated] 24 May 2017 from Dr Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's Rep. of)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 24 Apr 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 4 May 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 12 Dec 2013
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:
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