Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Mali (02): (KK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 21:34
Rift Valley Fever -- Mali
Health officials in the west African country of Mali confirmed a single case of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus infection in a 10-year-old boy from Oulessebougou.
This case was identified through laboratory investigations into 3 suspected yellow fever cases. All 3 samples tested negative for all arboviruses included on the molecular panel, namely: dengue, West Nile, RVF, chikungunya, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and Ebola. However, one sample was anti-RVF virus IgM positive on serology

PRO/EDR> Dengue/DHF update (09): Asia, Indian Ocean, Pacific, Africa

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 21:25
Dengue -- Sri Lanka
1. Aruchana A/P Selvaretnam, Priyadarshi Soumyaranjan Sahu, Madhusmita Sahu, Stephen Ambu. A review of concurrent infections of malaria and dengue in Asia. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2016; 6(7): 633-8;
2. Charrel RN, Brouqui P, Foucault C, de Lamballerie X. Concurrent Dengue and Malaria. Infect Dis. 2005; 11(7): 1153-4; .
3. Bhat R, Kodan P, Shetty MA. Medley of infections-a diagnostic challenge. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2015; 5(5): 418-20; .
- Mod.UBA]
[See Also:
Dengue/DHF update (07):

PRO/AH/EDR> Myiasis, human - Norway: reindeer warble fly (Hypoderma tarandi)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 19:36
Myiasis -- Norway
_Hypoderma tarandi_ causes myiasis in reindeer and caribou (_Rangifer tarandus_ spp.) in most northern hemisphere regions where these animals live.
We report a series of 39 human myiasis cases caused by _H. tarandi_ in Norway from 2011 to 2016. Thirty-two were residents of Finnmark, the northernmost county of Norway, one a visitor to Finnmark, and 6 lived in other counties of Norway where reindeer live.
Clinical manifestations involved migratory dermal swellings of the face and head,

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis - USA (06): (MD) papayas

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 19:19
Salmonella -- United States
The Maryland Department of Health is warning consumers to not eat Caribena's brand yellow Maradol papayas because they could be contaminated with the _Salmonella_ bacterium. The yellow papayas have been distributed to stores throughout the state of Maryland.
State officials discovered the contamination in the course of an ongoing salmonellosis case investigation, according to the [Mon 19 Jun 2017] warning from the Maryland Department of Health posted the warning. "Consumers are encouraged

PRO/AH/EDR> E. coli EHEC - USA (16) : (MN) fatality

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 19:01
E. coli -- United States
A Minnesota boy is fighting for his life after he contracted a strain of _E. coli_, the same one that killed his younger sister earlier this week [week of 16-22 Jul 2017]. The boy, 5, and his sister, 3, of Wright County, were sickened by an infection called Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) [or enterohemorrhagic _E. coli_ EHEC] on [Sun 9 Jul 2017], Fox 9 reported. The siblings battled symptoms including non-stop bloody stool and vomiting, eventually leading them into acute kidney

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Colombia (02): (NS, CU) bovine, st O, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 17:42
Foot and Mouth -- Colombia
Information received on 19 Jul 2017 from Dr Luis Humberto Martinez Lacouture, Gerente General, Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA), Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, Bogota, Colombia
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 14 Jul 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Jul 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 4 Aug 2009
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (35): Malaysia (SK,PK) human, animal, spread

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 17:27
Rabies -- Malaysia
Malaysia and Indonesia have agreed to form a joint committee on prevention and control of rabies outbreak along the border between Sarawak and West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
The formation of the joint committee was deliberated and agreed upon during a special meeting between delegates from the state government led by Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Douglas Uggah Embas and representatives from the Indonesian authorities.
The secretariat in a statement said the committee would be jointly headed

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - China (02): (HK)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 17:19
Japanese Encephalitis -- China
Hong Kong (HKSAR) - The following is issued on behalf of the Hospital Authority:
The spokesperson for Hong Kong West Cluster (HKWC) made the following response to a case of Japanese encephalitis (JE) announced by the Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today [20 Jul 2017]:
The male patient has been successively hospitalised in Grantham Hospital (GH) and Queen Mary Hospital (QMH) since [10 May 2017]. On [6 Jul 2017], he developed JE symptoms at GH.

PRO/AH/EDR> Plague, wildlife - Canada: (SK) prairie dogs, susp.

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 17:16
Plague -- Canada
The Broken Hills prairie dog colony at Grasslands National Park is being closed off to visitors after a prairie dog recently died from sylvatic plague. The park is located just outside of Val Marie in southwest Saskatchewan. Two dead ground squirrels were also discovered and have been sent for testing.
Sylvatic plague is a rare, but naturally occurring disease that affects wildlife in the region. Sylvatic plague is in the same bacterium that causes bubonic and pneumonic plague in humans

PRO/AH/EDR> Pathogen dissemination

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 12:20
Other Human Disease -- Worldwide/Unknown
Human travelers are much more likely than stowaway mosquitoes to import illnesses like Zika, yellow fever, malaria, and dengue to a new part of the world via airplane, researchers say.
Based on calculations of how many mosquitoes get onto commercial aircraft, how many are infected, and how many survive long enough at the destination to bite someone, the study estimates human travelers are 200 times more likely to spread dengue virus and 1000 times more likely to introduce _Plasmodium

PRO/AH/EDR> Invasive mosquito - USA (04): (WI)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 12:15
Other Human Disease -- United States
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services reported [Mon 17 Jul 2017] that a species of mosquito capable of carrying the Zika virus has been found in the state for the 1st time.
The _Aedes albopictus_, or Asian tiger mosquito as it's commonly known, is one type of mosquito that can spread Zika. It was discovered in Dane County, and only 3 of that type were found.
"It was only 3 mosquitoes that we've been able to detect," said University of Wisconsin-Madison entomologist Susan Paskewitz.

PRO/AH/EDR> Powassan virus encephalitis - USA (07): USA (NY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 10:57
Powassan virus -- United States
The New York State Department of Health (DOH) is expanding their area of collection sites of ticks in Saratoga County after announcing that a 2nd confirmed case and a probable 3rd case of Powassan virus have been found in residents in Saratoga County on [Tue 18 Jul 2017].
[The 1st confirmed case died on 8 Jun [2017], and] the 2nd victim is currently hospitalized.
"It wasn't surprising but we want to investigate what's going on and see if it's a coincidence that these cases occurred in

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed illness - India: (MP) fatal, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 10:53
Undiagnosed -- India
Two teenaged brothers died in mysterious circumstances at government boys' hostel at Dussehra Maidan in Ujjain [Madhya Pradesh] in wee hours of [Tue 18 Jul 2017]. Another boy was rushed to the hospital with severe abdominal pain and put on life saving drugs.
The deaths have left the police and administrative officials in a state of confusion as no evidence was found that could explain how the boys developed the fatal condition.
"It is too early to say what happened. Doctors have

Cholera – Kenya

WHO Disease Outbreaks news - Fri, 07/21/2017 - 08:50
Since the beginning of 2017, Kenya is experiencing an upsurge of cholera cases. The first cholera outbreak reported in 2017 was in Tana River County. The outbreak started on 10 October 2016 and was controlled by April 2017.

PRO/EDR> Poliomyelitis update (20): global (Syria, Afghanistan)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 21:28
Polio -- Syria
New wild poliovirus cases reported this week: 1
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2017: 8
Total number of wild poliovirus cases in 2016: 37
New cVDPV cases reported this week: 4
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2017: 31
Total number of cVDPV cases in 2016: 5
- The Polio Research Committee (PRC) issued a call for research proposals, to support the implementation of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan, with particular focus on: vaccine schedule

PRO/EDR> Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (72): Asia (Yemen)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 21:07
Cholera, Diarrhea, Dysentery -- Yemen
A total of 1802 people have been killed by a cholera outbreak in war-torn Yemen since late April 2017, the WHO said [Tue 18 Jul 2017]. In a statement, the WHO said 356 591 suspected cases of cholera have been registered in 21 provinces across the country.
The UN agency said the capital Sana'a was among the provinces hardest-hit by the disease, while the highest number of deaths was recorded in the northwestern Hajjah province. The southern province of Socotra remains the only Yemeni

PRO/EDR> Gastroenteritis - USA: (VA) restaurant, susp. norovirus

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 21:01
Norovirus -- United States
Chipotle has shut down a restaurant in Sterling, VA, after multiple reports of customers getting sick after eating there. Customers reported symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, severe stomach pain, dehydration and nausea to the website , which 1st alerted Business Insider to the issues at the Sterling restaurant. One person reported 2 hospitalizations as a result of the illnesses.
In total, 8 reports were made to the website, indicating that at least 13 customers fell sick after eating

PRO/AH/EDR> Yellow fever - Americas (52): Bolivia (LP)

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 20:43
Yellow Fever -- Bolivia
The Departmental Health Services (SEDES) of La Paz intensified surveillance and strengthened actions against yellow fever in the department due to 2 confirmed cases in Norte de los Yungas.
During the current period, 4 yellow fever cases are registered, of which the deaths of 2 were reported -- a 9-year-old girl and a 38-year-old man.
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts

[These 4 yellow fever (YF) cases were doubtless due to spill over of the sylvan (forest) cycle of

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease, bovine - Colombia

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 20:15
Foot and Mouth -- Colombia
A total of 2 new outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease which tends to complicate the infection panorama in the country, were detected in Colombia, according to an information spread here today [Wed 19 Jul 2017] by the Agriculture Ministry. One of these points was detected in the San Faustino city council in Cucuta, north of Santander, where a checkpoint of the entity found animals with vesicular diseases, which were transported in a truck for sale.
The 2nd case was located in Tibacuy, in the

PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus - Americas (04): USA (WY) equine

ProMED Mail Reports - Thu, 07/20/2017 - 20:00
West Nile Virus -- United States
Veterinarians at the Animal Medical Center in Gillette, Wyoming received laboratory confirmation this week [week of 16-22 Jul 2017] that a horse under their treatment tested positive for the West Nile Virus.
According to Dr Marshall Kohr the horse presented wobbly and unsteady on his feet. Even though about 33 percent of the horses who exhibit signs of West Nile virus will succumb to the disease, Dr Kohr reports that "this horse is improving and expected to make a full recovery."
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