Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Lassa fever - West Africa (36): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 17:25
Lassa Fever -- Nigeria
Please note that the data reflect the routine reports -- that is, all suspected cases including the laboratory positive and negative cases.
1. A total of 4 suspected cases of Lassa fever with one laboratory-confirmed were reported from 4 LGAs [local government areas] (2 states; Bauchi - 2 and Ondo - 2) in week 44 [w/e Sun 5 Nov 2017], 2017 compared with 5 suspected cases and 3 deaths (case fatality rate [CFR] 60 per cent) reported from 4 LGAs (4 states) at the same period in 2016.
2.

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis A - USA (58): (KY)

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 17:15
Hepatitis A -- United States
The Kentucky Department for Public Health [KDPH] has declared an outbreak of acute hepatitis A with cases in multiple counties in Kentucky. In total, 31 cases of acute (rapid onset with symptoms of illness) hepatitis A have been reported throughout Kentucky in 2017, a 50 per cent increase above the average of 20 cases per year reported over the past 10 years. A total of 22 cases have been reported in Jefferson and surrounding counties. Jefferson County has had 19 confirmed cases, most of which

PRO/AH/EDR> Crimean-Congo hem. fever - Afghanistan (02): WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 17:12
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever -- Afghanistan
Six new cases of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) were reported in the west region, bringing the total numbers of CCHF cases to 79 in 2017. 17 people lost their lives.
--
communicated by:
ProMED-mail

[CCHF virus has been observed in over 30 countries, including in Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Nigeria, Senegal, Uganda, Tanzania, Mauritania, Kenya), Asia (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China), the Middle East (Iran, Iraq, United

PRO/AH/EDR> Foodborne illness - USA (08): (GA) salmonella susp

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 17:05
Foodborne Illness -- United States
According to various press reports, Angelo's New York Style Pizza and Bistro, a Cartersville-based restaurant has come forward to address the controversy surrounding a foodborne illness outbreak that the Georgia Department of Public Health is investigating after the pizza joint catered food at an employee event last week at Toyo Tire.
Angelo's New York Style Pizza and Bistro is speaking out through its attorney, John T Mroczko, who issued a statement [on Tue 21 Nov 2017], in the light of

PRO/AH> Newcastle disease - Switzerland: (TI) poultry, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 12:25
Newcastle Disease -- Switzerland
Information received on [and dated] 20 Nov 2017 from Mr Hans Wyss, chief veterinary officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld, Berne, Switzerland
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 Nov 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 17 Nov 2017
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 15 Feb 2012
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Newcastle disease

PRO/AH/EDR> Monkeypox - Africa (18): Nigeria

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 03:28
Monkeypox -- Nigeria
Highlights
- The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) continued to coordinate the response through its activated Emergency Operations Centre (EOC)
- 4 new positive results were recorded from previously reported cases in Cross River (2), Imo (1) and Delta (1) states
- 14 new suspected cases reported in the last one week
- NCDC National Reference Laboratory, Abuja continued laboratory diagnosis of monkeypox
- There has been a decline in the number of new suspected cases reported over

PRO/AH/EDR> Brucellosis - USA (16): (NJ) raw milk, B. abortus vaccine strain, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 03:24
Foodborne Illness -- United States
Routine serologic tests for brucellosis are not effective for diagnosing or monitoring RB51 infections. So those at high risk should be monitored for the development of symptoms of brucellosis. Monitoring should include:
- for 4 weeks from last exposure, check temperature for fever
- for 6 months from last exposure, watch for broader symptoms of brucellosis
People potentially exposed to RB51 who develop symptoms should consult a health care provider.
If brucellosis occurs despite

PRO/AH> Equine piroplasmosis - Croatia: (ZA) OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 03:16
Other Animal Disease -- Croatia
Information received on 20 Nov 2017 from Dr Damir Agicic, assistant to minister, chief veterinary officer, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, CRO Ministry of Agriculture, ZAGREB, Croatia
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Nov 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 14 Nov 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2001
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: _Babesia

PRO/EDR> Foodborne illness - Malaysia: mussels, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Wed, 11/22/2017 - 02:57
Foodborne Illness -- Malaysia
1. Lloyd JK, Duchin JS, Borchert J, Quintana HF and Robertson A. Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning, Washington, USA, 2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(8):1314-6, available at .
2. Watkins SM, Reich A, Fleming LE, Hammond R. Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning. Mar Drugs. 2008;6(3):431-55, available at .
- Mod.LL
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: .]
[See Also:
Paralytic shellfish poisoning - USA: (WA) Skagit Bays http://promedmail.org/post/20171022.5396109
2016
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Toxic algae -

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths, bovine - India: (OR) RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 17:06
Undiagnosed -- India
An unknown epidemic has caused the death of hundreds of cattle at Gumabirsinghur village in Ganjam district. "There have been no visible symptoms. The cattle are found dead everywhere in forest, riverside, canals, hills and farmlands in the village. This condition has been occurring for the last 3 days," locals said.
The deadly issue came to the fore after the affected farmers brought the matter to the notice of Berhampur sub-collector. Surprisingly, the veterinary department has failed to

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian Influenza, human (80): China (GX) H5N6

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 17:01
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- China
The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) today [Mon 20 Nov 2017] received notification of an additional human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) in Guangxi from the National Health and Family Planning Commission, and again urged the public to maintain strict personal, food and environmental hygiene both locally and during travel.
The case was a 33 year old man from Guiyang. He developed symptoms on [7 Nov 2017] and was hospitalised on [Sun 12 Nov 2017]. He is now

PRO/EDR> Mycoplasma genitalium - Australia: STDs, antimicrobial resistance

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 11:50
Antimicrobial resistance, Sexually Transmitted Infection -- Australia
A sexually transmitted disease that may be infecting up to 700 000 Australians without them knowing is becoming so resistant to treatment it may soon become as great a health risk as chlamydia, doctors have warned.
_Mycoplasma genitalium_ is developing resistance to antibiotics at what health professionals say is an alarming rate. Much like chlamydia, many people do not know when they have it, but it can increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, urethritis and spontaneous abortion

PRO/EDR> Coccidioidomycosis - USA (03): (CA) increase

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 11:46
Valley Fever -- United States
Health officials say they are uncertain why the number of cases of valley fever [coccidioidomycosis] -- an illness caused by a fungus found in the soil and dirt -- appears to be increasing across California this year [edited]. From [1 Jan to 31 Oct 2017], a total of 5121 provisional cases of valley fever were reported to local health departments in California, according to provisional data released by the California Department of Public Health [CDPH], on [14 Nov 2017].
This reflects an

PRO/EDR> Botulism - Ukraine (03)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 11:41
Botulism -- Ukraine
In 2016 in Ukraine, 119 people were sickened by botulism, from which a dozen people died. So far in 2017, the picture looks very similar according to data from the Center for Influenza and Acute Respiratory Virus Infections of the Ministry of Health, a [Ukrainian News Agency] report states.
According to data received from the regions on [15 Nov 2017] in Ukraine, 132 cases of botulism have been registered and 11 of them have died.
The data also breaks down where the patients contracted

PRO/EDR> Malaria, falciparum - Myanmar: fake artesunate

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 11:40
Malaria -- Myanmar
Guo S, Kyaw MP, He L, et al. Quality testing of artemisinin-based antimalarial drugs in Myanmar. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017; 97(4): 1198-1203. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0305; abstract available at .
--
Paul Newton, MD
Infectious Diseases Data Observatory &
MORU (Mahidol Oxford Research Unit) Tropical Health Network
LOMWRU (Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital Wellcome Trust Research Unit)
Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane
Lao PDR

[ProMED-mail thanks Paul Newton for alerting us to this report.
There

PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Australia (05): (WA) sg W, sg Y

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 05:17
Meningitis - Neisseria -- Australia
A young child in Western Australia [WA] is dead after contracting a virulent strain of meningococcal disease and another is also infected. The 2 children, both aged under 3, had contracted the serogroup W infection and one had since died, the state's health department said on [Mon 20 Nov 2017]. An adult from interstate [the same state? - Mod.SH] was also infected with another strain of the bacteria.
"There have now been 4 deaths from meningococcal disease in WA in 2017, all infected with

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (159): South Korea (CB) HPAI H5N6, poultry, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 05:13
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- South Korea
Information received on 19 Nov 2017 from Dr Oh Soon-Min, director - chief veterinary officer, General Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Sejong-Si, Korea (Rep of)
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 17 Nov 2017
Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Nov 2017
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 13 Oct 2017
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Philippines (05): (NV)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 05:10
Japanese Encephalitis -- Philippines
The Provincial Integrated Health Office (PIHO) here in Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya on Monday [20 Nov 2017] reported 8 cases of the dreaded Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in 4 municipalities in the province.
Medical doctor Florejean Albano of the PIHO said one JE case was traced from Barangay (village) Ibung in Villaverde town; one case in Comon village in Aritao town; 2 cases in Quezon and Bascaran villages in Solano town; 2 cases in Casat village in the capital town of Bayombong; and one

PRO/PL> Flavescence doree, grapevine - France: (AR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 05:07
Other Plant Disease -- France
Flavescence doree was detected for the 1st time in the Department of Puy-de-Dome, Region of Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes. It had previously been reported from other Departments in that Region.
Currently, the Regional Directorate of Food, Agriculture and Forestry are preparing a directive to industry on control measures and the outline of the area to be put under quarantine restrictions. Measures to be taken will include surveillance, insecticide sprays and uprooting of affected vines.
[byline:

PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV (73): Saudi Arabia, gut and transmission

ProMED Mail Reports - Tue, 11/21/2017 - 05:04
MERS -- Saudi Arabia
As of Mon 20 Nov 2017, there have been a total of:
1743 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection, including
705 deaths [reported case fatality rate 40.4 per cent],
1020 recoveries, and
19 currently active cases/infections.
[As previously mentioned, the numbers of deaths, recoveries, and currently active cases come from my spreadsheet tallies and differ from those listed on the Saudi MOH website; my spreadsheet counts asymptomatic infections as they are reported. One complication
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