Outbreak and Current Disease Status Information

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Botswana: (NC) bovine, serotype pending, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 34 min 44 sec ago
Foot and Mouth -- Botswana
Information received on [and dated] 15 Jun 2018 from Dr. Letlhogile Modisa, Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Gaborone, Botswana
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 9 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 15 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 19 Mar 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot-and-mouth disease virus
Serotype:

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Kenya (06): (WJ)

ProMED Mail Reports - 37 min 18 sec ago
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
An outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in North Eastern counties has left at least 13 people dead. Hundreds have survived the haemorrhagic disease that leaves victims bleeding from most parts of their bodies including the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. Blood is also passed through patients' faeces and urine.
A week ago, Marsabit County residents were cautioned after the disease broke out in neighbouring Wajir. Those who died are said to have consumed infected meat. Samples of the meat were

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA (03): additional states

ProMED Mail Reports - 3 hours 55 min ago
Foodborne Illness -- United States
Two more states--Iowa and Michigan--have reported _Cyclospora_ infections linked to Del Monte prepackaged vegetable trays, lifting the number of affected states to 4 and the illness total to 78, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in a [15 Jun 2018] announcement.
In a related development, Del Monte Fresh Produce on [15 Jun 2018] announced a voluntary recall of vegetable trays sold at some retailers in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. In a

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (81): UK (N Ireland) wild bird, HPAI H5N6, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 10 min ago
Avian Influenza H5N6 -- United Kingdom
Information received on [and dated] 15 Jun 2018 from Dr Christine Middlemiss, Chief Veterinary Officer, DEFRA, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, United Kingdom
Summary
Report type: immediate notification (final report)
Date of start of the event: 14 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 15 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 23 Apr 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent:

PRO/AH/EDR> Tularemia - USA (03): (IL) wild rabbit

ProMED Mail Reports - 6 hours 13 min ago
Tularemia -- United States
A wild rabbit found [13 Jun 2018] in Tinley Park [Cook county] has tested positive for tularemia. Cook County Animal and Rabies Control urges residents to avoid touching live or dead wildlife.
Tularemia is a disease of animals and humans caused by the bacterium _Francisella tularensis_. Rabbits, hares, and rodents are especially susceptible, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The bacterium is present in some wildlife in northeast Illinois. Some animals, such as

PRO/AH/EDR> Chlamydia psittaci, equine abortion - Australia: (NS) research

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 1 min ago
Chlamydia -- Australia
A bird-borne pathogen has been linked to a cluster of equine abortions in New South Wales, Australia.
A pathogen carried by birds has been linked by Australian researchers to a cluster of equine abortions in New South Wales.
The researchers found a smoking gun when they examined the potential role of the bacterium _Chlamydia psittaci_ in the abortions.
While birds are the major reservoir, it is capable of infecting humans, horses, and other mammals.
The strain linked to the

PRO/AH/EDR> Rift Valley fever - Kenya (05): (WJ) WHO

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 4 min ago
Rift Valley Fever -- Kenya
On 8 Jun 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH) for Kenya confirmed an outbreak of Rift Valley fever. The 1st patient was admitted to a hospital in Wajir County in northeastern Kenya on 2 Jun [2018] with fever, body weakness, and bleeding from the gums and mouth. The patient reported having consumed meat from a sick animal; the patient died the same day. On 4 Jun [2018], 2 relatives of the index patient were admitted. Blood samples were collected and sent to the Kenya Medical Research Institute,

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Mozambique: (TE, NM) bovine, st pending, OIE

ProMED Mail Reports - 11 hours 8 min ago
Foot and Mouth -- Mozambique
Information received on [and dated] 18 Jun 2018 from Dr Americo Da Conceicao, national director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Maputo, Mozambique.
Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 24 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 May 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: pending
Nature of diagnosis:

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (09): (AS)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 22:47
Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The etiologies for at least 60 percent of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) cases in Assam are still undiagnosed, according to an ongoing research project.
According to an expert involved with the project, around 30 percent of AES cases are likely to be those suffering from Japanese encephalitis (JE).
Nearly 178 people, of the 2077 diagnosed with AES in Assam in 2017, died.
Assam has reported 60 AES cases this year till 30 Apr [2018] but no casualties so far.
The project was

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis - Taiwan (04)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 22:40
Japanese Encephalitis -- China
In a follow-up on the Japanese encephalitis situation in Taiwan, the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) announced 7 new Japanese encephalitis cases confirmed in Taiwan last week.
The new cases include one each in Daya District, Taichung City, Xizhou Township, Changhua County, Puzi City, Chiayi County, District, Guiren District, Tainan City, Fengshan District, Kaohsiung City, Xiaogang District, Kaohsiung City, and Linyuan District, Kaohsiung City.
The 7 new cases age between

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola virus disease: challenges for wild animal meat trade

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 19:35
Ebola -- DR Congo
For 25 years, [PM] has earned a living buying and selling monkeys, bats, and other animals popularly known as bush meat along the Congo River. Standing on the riverbank in Mbandaka, a city affected by the deadly new outbreak of the Ebola virus, the father of 5 said that for the 1st time he's worried he won't be able to support his family.
"Since Ebola was declared, business has decreased by almost half. It's really, really bad," the 47-year-old said, hanging his head.
Congo's latest

PRO/AH/EDR> Neospora caninum, canine - USA: (NC) parasite

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 19:34
Other Animal Disease -- United States
A lethal parasite has been discovered in area canines by a local veterinarian, and its presence is troubling for animal doctors and pet owners.
Dr. Michelle Cox, veterinarian and founder of Island Pet Veterinarian Hospital located in Cape Carteret, 1st examined [D] in November 2017, when the young canine had just celebrated its 2nd birthday. "[D's] owner came to see me with her 2-year-old dog," Cox recalls. "She was extremely distraught. Her dog had started to have grand-mal seizures 7

PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola Update (38): DR Congo, cases, WHO, Oxfam

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 18:20
Ebola -- DR Congo
Event Description
-----------------
The Ministry of Health and WHO continue to closely monitor the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with cautious optimism. On 15 Jun 2018, 5 new suspected EVD cases were reported in Bikoro Health Zone. A total of 6 laboratory specimens (from suspected cases reported previously) tested negative. No new confirmed EVD cases and no new deaths were reported on the reporting date. Since 17 May 2018, no new confirmed EVD

PRO/AH/EDR> Cowpox - UK: (Wales), human, bovine source suspected, RFI

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 17:53
Other Human Disease -- United Kingdom
A 15-year-old boy has surprised doctors by contracting cowpox, a historical disease now so rare it has not been seen in Wales for more than a decade.
The teenager, who lives on the Wrexham-Cheshire border, developed lesions on his hands after feeding calves.
Public Health Wales said the last reported human case in Wales was some 10 to 15 years ago. Cowpox was more common in the 18th century when milking maids often caught it. The virus, which is not contagious from person to person, has

PRO/EDR> Typhoid fever - El Salvador

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 16:27
Typhoid -- El Salvador
The epidemiological bulletin of the Salvador Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MINSAL) reported moderate activity of typhoid fever in 9 of the country's 262 municipalities.
From January 2018 to date, 469 suspected cases of typhoid fever have been hospitalized, of which 346 have been confirmed by blood culture. In addition to the 9 municipalities moderately affected, there are 19 municipalities mildly affected and none severely affected.
During the week of 4 Jun 2018, the

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed hemorrhagic fever - Uganda (05): (QD) comment

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 13:52
Hemorrhagic Fever -- Uganda
Date: Thu 14 Jun 2018
From: Katharina Kopp [edited]

Uganda Ministry of Health [in reply to Dr Kopp's request]:
Laboratory results were released by @UVRIug [Uganda Virus Research Institute] concerning the patient who [died] on 10 Jun 2018.
She was negative for Ebola, Marburg, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever, and Sosuga viruses.
--
Communicated by:
EpiCore Global Surveillance Project member
Dr Katharina Kopp
One Health Pathogenomics Consulting

[The comment

PRO/PL> Fusarium wilt, lettuce - UK: (England)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 13:48
Other Plant Disease -- United Kingdom
Symptoms of lettuce fusarium wilt have been identified at the existing outbreak sites [ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20171030.5412370] in Lancashire [England] in May and June this year [2018]. No outbreaks apart from these sites have been reported so far in the UK.
As the season progresses, it is important to monitor for suspected symptoms. Growers should first check for possible infection by cutting a few plants with suspect symptoms from top to bottom and looking for

PRO/EDR> Cyclosporiasis - USA (02): (WI,MN)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 12:27
Other Animal Disease -- United States
A _Cyclospora_ illness outbreak tied to Kwik Trip stores has worsened, with about 50 people now having reported they were sickened from vegetable trays that contained broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, and dill dip.
Kwik Trip has entered into an agreement with the city of Oak Creek and Milwaukee county as a partner in emergency services. The city finalized the deal on [15 Aug 2018].
Kwik Trip has removed the 6-ounce and 12-ounce trays from its stores, according to state health officials.

PRO/PL> Nut rot, sweet chestnut - Australia

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 11:11
Other Plant Disease -- Australia
Chestnut growers have long battled nut rot, or _Gnomoniopsis smithogilvyi_, [which] wiped out more than 40 per cent of the national crop 2 years ago [2016], costing the industry about AUD 5 million [about USD 3.72 million].
Nut rot is the real nemesis. "[It] is an absolute pain to the industry," [an organic grower] said. "[2016] was an exceptionally bad year, probably the worst we've ever had. This year [2018] there's been patches of it emerging later on. It's not varietal specific, it's

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (08): (BR)

ProMED Mail Reports - Mon, 06/18/2018 - 10:40
Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis -- India
The deaths of 6 children suspected to be suffering from symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and Japanese encephalitis [JE] in a span of 48 hours has set off alarms in the [Bihar] health department.
[In Muzaffarpur], 4 deaths from the Kejriwal Maternity Clinic and 2 from SKMCH [Shri Krishna Medical College And Hospital] have been reported from the intensive care unit (ICU) of the paediatrics wards. Currently, 11 children suspected to be afflicted with AES are undergoing treatment
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