Knowledge and Awareness of Diabetes among Jordanians with Type 2 Diabetes

  • Chronic disease
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Background:
Objectives: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is high and alarmingly increasing among Jordanian adults being one of the highest in the world (Age-standardized prevalence: 22.0%, 2017). More worrisome fact is that about 20% are undiagnosed and 50% have unsatisfactory control. Education is one of the key components in ensuring better treatment and control of diabetes. Evidence showed that increasing knowledge regarding diabetes has significant benefits on compliance to treatment, thereby decreasing the complications. This study aimed to assess the awareness and knowledge of diabetes among Jordanians diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Methods:
Data from a recent national population-based household survey (2,017) were analyzed. This study collected data about the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases including anthropometric and laboratory measures. A list of diabetes knowledge and awareness questions was developed based on the literature. Descriptive statistics were produced using SPSS, version 23.

Results:
A total of 768 were diagnosed with diabetes. Of those, 699 (91.0%) were on treatment; of whom 212 (30.0%) had good glycemic control. Their age ranged between 18 and 86 years (mean (SD) = 54.9 (10.4)). About 60% stated that diabetes is caused by obesity. Patients stated that diet is beneficial for normalizing blood sugar (97.3%), honey is beneficial for treating diabetes (38.9%), one can eat as much as he wants as long as he is medication (45.2%), and sport is beneficial for treating diabetes (91.7%). They stated that diabetes may cause kidney failure (89.4%), gangrene (92.7%), blindness (95.0%), cardiac disease (87.6%), and sexual dysfunction (89.0%). About 61.0% reported that they own a glucose testing device. However, 18.2% did not check their blood sugar in the past month.

Conclusion:
A large proportion of Jordanian diabetics are knowledgeable and aware of diabetes. However, more efforts are needed at the population level to increase awareness of diabetes and its complications.

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