Prevalence of Shisha Smoking, Knowledge of its Health Consequences and Associated Factors among Students of a Tertiary Institution in Ibadan – Nigeria, 2019

  • Occupational and environmental health
Export to CSV
Background:
Tobacco smoking kills about seven million people annually. It is projected that annual deaths could rise to more than eight million by 2030. Water-pipe (Shisha) tobacco smoking is an emerging method of tobacco smoking in Nigeria, especially among young people. There is however limited information about its current use while misperceptions about its adverse health effects remain understudied. We, therefore, investigated the prevalence and factors as- sociated with Shisha smoking and the knowledge of its health consequences among undergraduate students of a tertiary institution in Ibadan, Nigeria.
Methods:
We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study among 651 undergraduate students of a private university in southwestern Nigeria using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique. We collected socio-demographic and risk factor data from the respondents using a pretested self-administered questionnaire. We calculated frequencies, means, and proportions. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to identify associated factors using multivariable logistic regression.
Results:
The mean age of respondents was 20.7±4.67 years. One hundred and twenty-four (19.0%) respondents had ever smoked shisha while 33 (5.1%) were current shisha smokers. The mean age of initiation to shisha smoking was 18.3±2.7 years. Only 251 (38.6%) of the respondents had good knowledge about the health consequences of shisha tobacco smoking. First-year students were more likely to be current shisha users compared to those in the third year (AOR= 6.6; 95% CI= 1.5-28.1). Closeness to smokers of cigarette or other tobacco products was also a significant predictor of current shisha use among respondents (AOR= 4.2; 95% CI= 1.7-10.4).
Conclusion
We found a relatively high prevalence of shisha smoking with limited knowledge of its health consequences. Tar- geted tobacco prevention and cessation programs remain essential. We plan to implement a health education pro- gram in collaboration with the University management.

Please abstracts [at] tephinet [dot] org (email us) if you have any corrections.

If this abstract has been converted into a full article, please abstracts [at] tephinet [dot] org (email us) the link. We would love to help promote your work.