Rabies vaccination coverage in owned-dog population- Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, 2011

Summary

Background: Rabies is a zoonosis of public health importance in Thailand where rabid dogs is the major source of human infection. Annual rabies vaccination campaign aimed to attain 80% coverage in dogs to prevent rabies has been instituted for almost two decades. Nonetheless, 10-30 human rabies deaths and some rabid dogs have been notified annually. This study was therefore undertaken to explore rabies vaccination coverage in dogs and the reasons hampered dog rabies vaccination. Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled 900 owned-dogs was undertaken in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. Two dogs from age of 2-month-old were selected from each of 15 randomly selected households per village in 30 villages. Dog owners were interviewed about rabies vaccination in a dog in past 12 months. Dogs received rabies vaccine between July 2010-July 2011, confirmed by vaccination certificate, were defined as vaccinated dogs. Results: Data was obtained on 897 owned-dogs in 31 villages. Only 45.4% (95%CI 32.4%-58.3%; design effect