RISK FACTORS OF MALARIA INCIDENCE IN RIO PAKAVA SUBDISTRICT, DONGGALA DISTRICT, CENTRAL SULAWESI PROVINCE

Summary

Background. Rio Pakava Subdistrict, Central Sulawesi, was highly endemic for malaria with an annual malaria incidence (AMI) 58.4 per 1,000 population and slide positive rate (SPR) 66.7% in 2009. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors of developing laboratory confirmed malaria in Rio Pakava Subdistrict. Methods. A case control study was carried out involving 44 cases and 44 facility-based controls. Risk factors for laboratory confirmed (slide positive) malaria include environmental and behavioral factors. Availability of ponds close (less than 100 meters) to the house, type of roofs, type of walls and the presence of stall for livestock around the house are environmental risk variables assessed in this study. The behavioral factors include sleeping with insecticide-treated net and mosquito repellent. The presence of other persons in the house with malaria and neighbors with malaria within the past two weeks were asked. Results. Walls with openings increased the risk of malaria with OR = 29.7 (