Analyzing AIDS Surveillance Data in Ghana

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Kwaku Yeboah, William Bosu, Yahn, C.I. Amon, Okech Ojony, Robinah Majjemba, and Richard Dicker (credit Denise Werker, Jeanette St. Pierre, Victor Cardenas)
Date published
Sep, 2002
Last updated
22 Jan 2020


You have been named the National Programme Manager for HIV/AIDS. You have been asked to prepare a surveillance report and to present the patterns and trends of AIDS to the Ministry of Health, Ghana, with the view to inform decisions on policies and strategies to reduce the burden of the disease.

Learning Objectives:

After completing this case study, the participant should be able to:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different AIDS case definitions,
  • Describe the different categories of information included in descriptive epidemiology, and, for each category, describe how best to display the data,
  • Describe and interpret descriptive epidemiologic findings, and
  • Discuss the difference between presenting to an audience of epidemiologists versus policy-makers.