Causes of Hepatitis B in Kerala, India

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Author(s)
Case study developed by the Master of Applied Epidemiology (MAE) - Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP) from the National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is inspired by a paper published in the literature by Narendranathan & Philip (Narendranathan M, Philip M. Reusable needles - a major risk factor for acute virus B hepatitis. Tropical Doctor 1993; 23:64–6.)
Date published
Feb, 2005
Last updated
23 Jan 2020

Summary

Learning Objectives:

At the end of the case study, the scholar will be able to:

  • Use descriptive information to generate hypotheses regarding potential risk factors for a disease;
  • Design a case-control study to test hypotheses for potential risk factors for a disease;
  • Identify important criteria for the choice of a case definition;
  • Identify important criteria for the choice of a control group;
  • Calculate the odds ratios for an unmatched case control study;
  • Calculate the attributable fraction in the population; and
  • Discuss causality criteria.  

Setting: A clinician interested in the prevention of hepatitis B.