Characterization of the Congenital Anomalies in Embera Chami from Riosucio, Caldas

Eduardo Lozano and Lorena Vargas
Date published
Dec, 2012
Last updated
31 Jan 2020


Objective: Characterize the congenital anomalies of the population born between 2007 and 2012 of the Embera-Chamí community resident in Riosucio.

Methods design: Retrospective descriptive study, aimed at identifying newborns with congenital anomalies between 2007 and 2012

Population: Clinical histories of the children with congenital anomalies born in Riosucio between 2007-2012, based on the lists of the native organizations

Inclusion criteria: Indigenous individuals with a congenital anomaly, born between 2007 to 2012

Tools: The data collection tool used was the form of the Colombian National Institute of Health developed for congenital anomalies.

Data collection: We convened a group of stakeholders from institutions and health care providers within Riosucio and Manizales.

Summary results: The diagnostic in congenital anomalies was low in the first year of life in all the native regions studied, probably because this region doesn’t have surveillance for this condition. We found the rate in congenital anomalies in the native region to be above Columbia’s average. The osteomuscular system and the genital urinary systems were the systems with the most anomalies.

Conclusions: A prevalence rate of congenital anomalies in the indigenous population of the Embera-Chami of Riosucio, Caldas, (37 X 1,000), is higher than average for the population. A similar prevalence rate of congenital anomalies in all four indigenous reservations of Riosucio, Caldas, except in the Reservation of La Montaña, that was higher in 2009. The most common congenital anomalies in our study were the congenital anomalies found in the osteomuscular system.