Mitigating Measles Menace in Era of MMR/V

Author(s)
Gupta Surender Nikhil, Gupta Naveen, Murhekar Manoj, Dasgupta Rajib, Kapil Umesh, Gupta Shivani
Date published
Mar, 2013
Last updated
31 Jan 2020

Summary

Abstract: In non vaccination ancient era, multiple epidemics of measles/German measles/variola used to occur in the cyclical trend of two to three years during spring months. Outbreaks in Faroe Islands in 1846 and in Fizi Island in 1875 are examples of this type of transmission where virgin epidemics took the highest mortality toll. According to WHO report, in the absence of immunization, 90% of the persons can be expected to develop clinical measles sometimes in their life time as noted in Greenland in 1951 epidemic and German measles in 2012 in Kangra. But the epidemiology of communicable diseases underwent tremendous change not only in the developed countries, viz America and European countries but also in the developing countries like India, Pakistan and African countries with the introduction of vaccination and thereby mortality and morbidity on account of vaccine preventable diseases in all the age groups around the world nose dived. This provided a big relief to the suffering humanity across the world. Different countries have various sets of immunization programme running in the countries; be it single dose of measles at the age of 270 days or second shot of measles or other vaccinations. Round the globe, MMR or MMRV or pentavalent vaccination with their pluses or minuses, still is the right choice to mitigate the menace of measles.

Key words: Measles menace, non vaccination era, Kopliks spot, second shot measles, MMR/V, Kangra