Norovirus in Vermont

Date published
Jeanette Stehr-Green


Investigation of a cluster of cases of vomiting and diarrhea among children who had attended a birthday party at an indoor swim club in Vermont in 2004.  

Learning Objectives:

After completing this case study, the student should be able to:

  1. List categories and examples of questions that should be asked of key informants who report a suspected infectious disease outbreak;
  2. Discuss considerations in working with businesses that might be identified as a possible source of an outbreak;
  3. Outline components of swimming pool design and operation that help prevent the transmission of pathogenic agents;
  4. Discuss the action of chlorine to disinfect water and factors that influence its effectiveness;
  5. Interpret test results for chlorine and pH with respect to swimming pool water quality;
  6. Identify activities that increase a person’s risk for exposure to pathogens in recreational water;
  7. Interpret results from a cohort study, including attack rates, relative risks, and P values; and      
  8. Describe the steps for management of fecal incidents in treated recreational water venues.
Author type
Resource type
Case Study
Country or Area
United States of America